In ancient Greece, Aphrodisias was the popular term for cities dedicated to the goddess Aphrodite. However, Aphrodisias was a city in Anatolia, and it was the most popular and well-known of them, located near Caria, on the coast between mid-Ionia (Mycale) and Lycia, and east to Phrygia.Marble was once abundant in the city and on the slopes, and it immediately became popular across the Roman world.

It was renamed Stauropolis in the Late Antique period to distance itself from paganism, as it had been the center of paganism since the 5th century.The city used to have remarkable sculpture schools, as well as schools of philosophy, but they were damaged in the 7th century by an earthquake. Even if the big part of the city was collapsed, the marble ruins would still stand, capturing the attention of visitors.

Archeological studies have saved the Temple of Aphrodite, The Bouleuterion (council house), The Sebasteion (or Augusteum), Stadium, The Roman Theater (north), Aphrodisias Stone Heads, Sarcophagi on-site, South agora and pool, and Aphrodisias Tetrastoon. More ruins can be visited at the Aphrodisias Museum in the district