Ptolemaic Egypt is a Hellenistic-period kingdom founded by Ptolemy, one of Alexander the Great's seven generals, after his death.  Ptolemy was one of the generals of Alexander the Great. When Alexander died in 323 BC, Ptolemy took control as satrap over Egypt and proclaimed himself King Ptolemy I as an independent king in 305 BC. He later called himself "Soter," which means "savior." The last ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty is Cleopatra.