Gallipoli is a peninsula situated in the Marmara region in Canakkale Province. The name Gallipoli comes from Callipolis in Greek, which means "Beautiful City." Gallipoli was found by Macedonians in the 5th century BC and named Callipolis. It was reigned in order by the Byzantine Empire, the Republic of Venice, the Genoese, the Catalan Company, and finally the Ottomans. During the First World War, the peninsula was the scene of one of the fiercest battles, the Gallipoli Campaign. ANZAC Cove, Cape Helles, Lone Pine, Chunuk Bair, the Helles Memorial at Cape Helles, and more graves, memorials, and graveyards are being visited by both local and foreign visitors. In the annual Anzac Day ceremony, New Zealand citizens visit the peninsula and arrange dawn services to remember the martyrs. The Gallipoli Peninsula with the Treaty of Lausanne returned to the Turkish Republic in 1923.