The Temple of Artemis or Artemision attributed to the Amazons at the same time was first built around the bronze age around the 7th century BC, secondly was sponsored by Croesus founder of Lydia's empire, and third time by the Ephesians.
It was the first temple of the ancient world built of marble, designed by the Greek architect Chersiphron and the bronze sculptures made by the greatest sculptors of the time, Pheidias, Polycleitus, Kresilas, and Phradmon.
It has been estimated that the temple used to have 127 columns and according to Antipader of Sidon it was even more magnificent than the Statue of Zeus and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
Throughout history, it was damaged a few times for different reasons and when it was burned on July 356 BC by a Greek named Herostratus who wants to immortalize his name, on the same night Alexander the Great was born. After he conquered Anatolia he offered help to rebuild the Temple of Artemis, but Ephesians refused him saying “it would be improper for one god to build a temple to another”.